February 9, 2017: Belmont Citizen-Herald
While the poor quality of water that Belmont dumps into the Mystic River has gained considerable attention in recent years, the quantity of water in Belmont, not merely the quality, should also be of concern. In five of the last seven months of 2016, the northeast region of Massachusetts, the region of which Belmont is a part, has been subject to a Drought Warning by the state. In the state’s system of drought classifications, Drought Warning is just one step down from a Drought Emergency.
Under a Drought Warning, Belmont is not under the threat of mandatory water conservation measures. Mandatory state restrictions on water use, such as a ban on watering one’s lawn, can only be imposed when the drought becomes a Drought Emergency.
Nonetheless, according to Belmont resident Julia Blatt, executive director of the Massachusetts Rivers Alliance, Belmont should take the Drought Warning seriously even during these winter months. People have been poorly conditioned by other warning systems, Blatt believes. For example, when one hears a winter storm warning issued, the caution is about a storm that will occur in the future. In contrast, Blatt says, a Drought Warning is not a prediction of a future event. The Drought Warning under which Belmont has been placed means that the drought is here today.
By the time a Drought Warning has been issued, in other words, it is largely too late for people most effectively to respond. The adverse impacts of the drought are not coming, they have already arrived. In addition, Blatt says, those adverse effects cannot be alleviated simply through a few rain storms. It takes months of wet weather for the impacts of a drought to be undone. Moreover, she continues, hard rain storms are not generally helpful in ending drought conditions. Big storms result in rain water quickly draining into the streets, being funneled into streams and rivers through stormwater pipes, and eventually flowing into the ocean. In contrast, lots of snow could help. Snow can melt slowly, soak into the ground, and help replenish ground water and drinking water sources.
Belmont residents are in no danger of turning their kitchen faucet on and not having water come out. That, however, is not an entirely crazy notion. Cambridge, for example, was forced last fall to begin to buy water from the Mass Water Resources Authority because of the decline in water levels in the city’s own reservoir. That need to purchase MWRA water not only imposed substantial costs on Cambridge residents, but also reduced available water supplies to other MWRA communities (of which Belmont is one).
I realize that as I write today, snow is on the ground and the Super Bowl (and, even more importantly, the coming start to baseball’s Spring Training) are more on peoples’ minds than things like restrictions on watering one’s lawn. In fact, however, that is precisely the point. The longer the Belmont community postpones its responses to the existence of drought conditions in Massachusetts, the more likely two things will occur. First, the restrictions that may eventually be imposed will need to be more severe. Second, even those more severe restrictions will be a less effective response to the drought conditions since it will increasingly be “too late.”
Through its water department, the town should be taking an aggressive response to the drought that has befallen Belmont (and many other parts of Massachusetts). At the least, community education regarding ways to implement water conservation, even during these cold weather months, would be an important beneficial response to dry summer weather. Waiting until the summer months to respond to continuing dry weather will be too late.